VA Benefits for Dependents of Disabled Veterans
What Are Dependents for VA Purposes?
For VA purposes, a dependent is a family member who relies on the veteran financially and meets certain criteria. Examples of dependents for VA purposes include:
- A spouse
- Unmarried children, including stepchildren, adopted children, and biological children, who:
- Are under the age of 18; or
- Are between the ages of 18 and 23 and attending school full-time; or
- Were seriously disabled prior to reaching age 18
- Parents in the veteran’s direct care whose net worth and income are below the limit put in place by law
- Parents (biological, step, adopted, foster, etc.) are defined as those who, for at least one year, “stood in the relationship of a parent to a veteran at any time before their entry into active service”
As a dependent of a veteran or service member, you may qualify for certain benefits, such as healthcare, life insurance, or monetary compensation to help pay for school or vocational training.
Health Care Benefits for Dependents
There are several healthcare options for which you may qualify as the dependent of a veteran, including the following:
If you are the family member of an active duty, retired, or deceased service member, National Guard soldier, Reservist, or Medal of Honor recipient, you may qualify for the TRICARE program.
According to VA, TRICARE provides comprehensive health coverage, including health plans, prescription medicines, dental plans, and programs for people with special needs. This healthcare program is managed by the Department of Defense’s Defense Health Agency.
Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (CHAMPVA)
The Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (CHAMPVA) is a health benefits program in which VA shares the cost of certain health care services and supplies with eligible beneficiaries.
CHAMPVA is currently managed by the Veterans Health Administration Office of Community Care (VHA OCC) located in Denver, Colorado. The VHA OCC thereby processes all claims submitted for the reimbursement of medical services and supplies rendered by authorized providers in the community.
To be eligible, the beneficiary (i.e., person receiving the benefits) cannot be eligible for TRICARE. Importantly, TRICARE is the Department of Defense (DoD) health care program for uniformed service members, retirees, and their families. It provides comprehensive coverage to all beneficiaries, including health plans, special programs, prescriptions, and dental plans.
CHAMPVA is a completely separate program with a totally different beneficiary population than TRICARE. While the benefits are similar, the programs are administered separately with differences in claim filing procedures and preauthorization requirements. This program provides coverage to the spouse or widow and to the children of veterans who:
- Are rated permanently and totally disabled due to a service-connected condition; or
- Were rated permanently and totally disabled due to a service-connected condition at the time of death; or
- Died of a service-connected condition; or
- Died on active duty and the dependents are not otherwise eligible for DoD’s TRICARE benefits.
As of October 1, 2001, these benefits were extended to individuals ages 65 and older. According to VA, this age group must meet the following conditions in order to be eligible:
- If the beneficiary was 65 or older prior to June 5, 2001, and was otherwise eligible for CHAMPVA, and was entitled to Medicare Part A coverage, then the beneficiary will be eligible for CHAMPVA without also requiring Medicare Part B coverage.
- If the beneficiary turned 65 before June 5, 2001, and has Medicare Parts A and B, the beneficiary must keep both Medicare Parts A and B to be eligible.
- If the beneficiary turned age 65 or older on or after June 5, 2001, the beneficiary must be enrolled in Medicare Parts A and B to be eligible.
Camp Lejeune Family Member Program
Veterans who served at Camp Lejeune for at least 30 cumulative days from August 1953 through December 1987, and their family members, may be eligible for healthcare benefits. Specifically, VA must reimburse dependents for out-of-pocket healthcare costs that were related to any of these 15 conditions:
- Bladder cancer
- Breast cancer
- Esophageal cancer
- Female infertility
- Hepatic steatosis
- Kidney cancer
- Lung cancer
- Multiple myeloma
- Myelodysplastic syndromes
- Neurobehavioral effects
- Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
- Renal toxicity
In order to receive reimbursement for costs incurred during the treatment of a qualified condition listed above, you must first apply to the Camp Lejeune Family Member Program by completing VA Form 10-10068: Camp Lejeune Family Member Program Application and submitting it to VA, or you can do so online. VA will require you to submit evidence proving your eligibility for the program, such as:
- Marriage license or birth certificate that shows a dependent relationship to a veteran who was stationed at Camp Lejeune
- Proof that you lived at the base for at least 30 days between August 1, 1953 and December 31, 1987. Such proof can include base housing records, military orders, utility bills, or tax forms.
- Medical records proving that you paid medical expenses for one of the qualifying conditions above, “respective to the following date ranges:”
- Dependents who lived at Camp Lejeune between January 1, 1957 and December 31, 1987 can be reimbursed for out-of-pocket medical expenses incurred on or after August 6, 2012
- Dependents living at Camp Lejeune between August 1, 1953 and December 31, 1956 can have medical expenses incurred due to a qualifying condition reimbursed for care received on or after December 16. 2014
- VA Form 10-10068b: Camp Lejeune Family Member Program Treating Physician Report completed by your doctor.
Spina Bifida Health Care Benefits Program
VA provides monetary allowances, vocational training, and rehabilitation and VA-financed healthcare benefits to certain Korea and Vietnam veterans’ birth children who have been diagnosed with spina bifida. For the purposes of the VA Spina Bifida Health Care Program, spina bifida is defined as all forms or manifestations of spina bifida, except spina bifida occulta.
Children of Women Vietnam Veterans Health Care Benefits Program
VA also provides VA-financed healthcare benefits to women Vietnam veterans’ birth children who the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) has determined have a covered birth defect. This program is not a comprehensive healthcare plan and only covers those services necessary for the treatment of a covered birth defect and associated medical conditions. It does not cover care that is unrelated to a covered birth defect.
Children whose biological mother is a Vietnam veteran and who were conceived after the date the veteran entered the Republic of Vietnam (period beginning February 28, 1961 and ending May 7, 1975), and who have one of the covered birth defects as determined by VBA are eligible for the program.
If a dependent qualifies for CHAMPVA, the Spina Bifida Health Care Benefits Program, or the Children of Women Vietnam Veterans Health Care Benefits Program, they can get prescriptions through their local pharmacy or through VA’s Meds by Mail program.
Education and Vocational Training Benefits for Dependents
The Survivors’ and Dependents’ Educational Assistance (DEA) program is a part of the GI Bill aimed at offering education and training to eligible survivors and dependents of veterans and service members who:
- Died while on active duty; or
- Passed away as a result of a service-connected disability; or
- Are currently permanently and totally disabled due to a service-connected condition(s)
Specifically, DEA benefits are reserved for the dependents of:
- A veteran who is permanently and totally (P&T) disabled due to a service-connected condition; OR a veteran who passed away from a P&T condition that was incurred during or aggravated by military service.
- A veteran who passed away from any cause while living with a service-connected P&T condition.
- An active-duty service member who is currently missing in action (MIA), “captured in the line of duty by a hostile force,” or “forcibly detained or interned in line of duty by a foreign government or power.”
- An active-duty service member who has been deemed permanently and totally disabled by VA, is receiving outpatient care for said disability, and is likely to be discharged from service because of it.
Eligible survivors and dependents are able to receive educational assistance for up to 45 months. As of March 2018, full-time students taking part in the DEA program receive $1,024.00 each month while completing their coursework. The Survivors’ and Dependents’ Educational Assistance program allows eligible students enrolled in the following programs to receive assistance from VA:
- College, university, or other school
- Career-training, licensing, and certification tests
- On-the-job training or apprenticeships
- Tutorial assistance
- Work study
Home Loan Programs for Surviving Spouses
Surviving spouses may be eligible for VA-backed home loan programs if they obtain a Certificate of Eligibility (COE) to show the lender that they qualify for this benefit. To qualify for a COE as the surviving spouse, at least one of the following must be true about the veteran:
- The veteran is missing in action (MIA)
- The veteran is a prisoner of war (POW)
- The veteran died while in service or from a service-connected condition and the surviving spouse did not remarry
- The veteran died while in service or from a service-connected condition and the surviving spouse did not remarry before they were 57 years old or before December 16, 2003
- The veteran had been totally disabled and then died, but their disability may not have been the cause of death (in certain situations)
After applying for the COE, surviving spouses must decide on both the type of loan they are looking to get and the private bank or mortgage company that is serving as their lender. From there, the lender will undergo a process of deciding whether the surviving spouse’s loan application should be accepted.
Family Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance (FSGLI) offers coverage for the spouse and dependent children of service members covered under full-time Servicemembers’ Group Life Insurance (SGLI). With FSGLI, spouses can get up to a maximum of $100,000 (cannot exceed the servicemember’s SGLI coverage) while dependent children can get up to $10,000 in coverage.
Burial Benefits for Dependents
Certain veterans and their dependents are eligible for burial benefits through VA based on several criteria. There are two types of burial benefits: the burial itself, and compensation for the costs of the burial. Both have specific eligibility requirements and are handled by two different entities within VA: (1) National Cemetery Administration (NCA) and (2) Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA). Eligibility for burial in a VA national cemetery is handled by the National Cemetery Scheduling Office, and a determination of eligibility will only be made after a veteran requests a burial.
VA Survivors Pension for Dependents
VA Survivors Pension offers monthly payments to qualified surviving spouses and unmarried dependent children of wartime veterans who meet certain income and net worth limits set forth by Congress. Surviving spouses may be eligible for this benefit if they have not remarried after the veteran’s death, and if the deceased veteran did not receive a dishonorable discharge and their service meets at least one of the requirements listed below:
- Entered active duty on or before September 7, 1980, and served at least 90 days on active military service, with at least 1 day during a covered wartime period; or
- Entered active duty after September 7, 1980, and served at least 24 months or the full period for which they were called or ordered to active duty (with some exceptions), with at least 1 day during a covered wartime period; or
- Was an officer and started on active duty after October 16, 1981, and had not previously served on active duty for at least 24 months
Dependent children may be eligible for this benefit if they are unmarried and under the age of 18, under 23 and attending a VA-approved school, or unable to care for themselves due to a disability that happened before age 18.
Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC)
Dependency and Indemnity Compensation (DIC) is a monthly benefit the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) awards to a surviving spouse or dependent child(ren) of a servicemember who:
- Died in action
- Died from a service-connected condition
Unfortunately, not everyone who was married to a servicemember is entitled to DIC. There are certain criteria that both the veteran and surviving spouse must meet.
VA’s website states that the surviving spouse of a veteran is eligible to receive Dependency and Indemnity Compensation if they:
- Were married to a servicemember who died “while on active duty, active duty for training, or inactive duty training”; OR
- Were legally married to the veteran before January 1, 1957; OR
- Married the veteran within 15 years of military discharge when the service-connected condition that caused the veteran’s death began or was aggravated; OR
- Were married to the veteran for at least one year immediately preceding the veteran’s death; OR
- Had a child or children with the veteran, AND
- Continuously cohabited (lived with) the veteran until their time of passing, AND
- Were not separated from the veteran, or, if separated, were not responsible for the separation, AND
- Are not currently remarried.
DIC benefits can be awarded to non-spouses as long as the individual had a child with the veteran and cohabited with them until the time of the veteran’s passing. There are other exceptions to the criteria surviving spouses must meet in order to receive DIC benefits; these exceptions pertain to spousal remarriage and DIC eligibility.
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