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Veterans Law

VA Disability Ratings for Asthma

April Donahower

May 15, 2018

Updated: June 20, 2024

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Asthma, also called bronchial asthma, is a respiratory condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed, making it difficult to breathe.  When the airways become inflamed and narrow, some people may cough, wheeze, or experience shortness of breath.  Severity ranges from person-to-person and can be minor or very severe.

How Do I Get Service Connected for Asthma?

In most cases, veterans seeking service connection for asthma must show three things:

  1. A current medical diagnosis for asthma from a qualified professional;
  2. An in-service event, injury, or symptom; and
  3. A medical “nexus,” or link, between their asthma diagnosis and the in-service occurrence.

Compensation & Pension Exams for Asthma

Once a veteran files a claim for their asthma, VA may request a Compensation and Pension exam, or C&P exam.  Veterans should make sure VA has their updated contact information, or else VA may not be able to contact you about your exam.  It is also important to attend the exam, as failure to attend can result in VA denying your claim.

The exam will usually be performed by a VA physician or a VA contracted physician.  Before the exam, the examiner should review the veteran’s c-file, which contains any documentation that has been previously submitted to VA, as well as the veteran’s medical and service records.

The veteran may also use a DBQ, or Disability Benefits Questionnaire, to bolster their claim.  A Disability Benefits Questionnaire is a form created by VA that allows the veteran to address important aspects of their condition, such as symptoms, severity, and possible causes, as well as the relationship between their condition and other disabilities.  The veteran may also have their private doctor fill out a DBQ for them.  This can be helpful, as the doctor who typically treats the veteran’s asthma can speak to specific ways the condition impacts the veteran’s life.

How Does VA Rate Asthma?

VA disability ratings are meant to compensate veterans for the loss of earning capacity due to their service-connected condition.  VA rates asthma based off the following:

  • Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV-1): FEV-1 is the amount of air you can exhale forcefully in one second.  VA compares this against what a normal person would be able to breathe out and measures it as a percentage.
  • Forced Vital Capacity (FVC): VA compares a veteran’s FEV-1 results with their FVC in a FEV-1/FVC ratio.  The ratio is meant to represent the proportion of a person’s vital capacity that they can expel in the first second of a forceful exhale.  Vital capacity is the maximum amount of air that a person can inhale or exhale from the lung.

VA looks at additional information to determine severity depending on the rating.  Importantly, VA will base the ratings on findings during an asthma attack.  If a veteran is not having an attack during a VA examination, there must be a history of attacks in the record for the VA to consider.  VA rates asthma under 38 C.F.R. 4.97, diagnostic code 6602.  Ratings range from 0 percent to 100 percent.

Asthma Ratings

For the 10 percent rating, a veteran must show one of the following:

  • FEV-1 of 71 to 80% predicted;
  • FEV-1/FVC of 71 to 80%;
  • Intermittent inhalational or oral bronchodilator therapy.

For the 30 percent rating, a veteran must have:

  • FEV-1 of 56 to 70% predicted; or
  • FEV-1/FVC of 56 to 70%; or
  • Daily inhalational or oral bronchodilator therapy; or
  • Inhalational anti-inflammatory medication.

To qualify for the 60 percent rating, a veteran must have:

  • FEV-1 of 40 to 55% predicted; or
  • FEV-1/FVC of 40 to 55%; or
  • At least monthly visits to a physician for required care of exacerbations; or
  • Intermittent (at least three per year) courses of systemic (oral or parenteral) corticosteroids.

Finally, the 100 percent rating requires that a veteran show:

  • FEV-1 less than 40% predicted; or
  • FEV-1/FVC less than 40%; or
  • More than one attack per week with episodes of respiratory failure; or
  • Require daily use of systemic (oral or parenteral) high dose corticosteroids or immunosuppressive medications.
VA Disability Benefits for Respiratory Conditions

TDIU and Asthma

Veterans who are prevented from working because of their asthma, or symptoms of their asthma, may be able to receive a monthly VA disability benefit called total disability based on individual unemployability, or TDIU.  This benefit compensates veterans at the 100 percent rating level, even if their disability rating may be less than that.

There are generally two pathways to become eligible for TDIU:

  • 38 CFR § 4.16a (“Schedular”) – For this form of TDIU, the veteran must have:
    • One condition rated at minimum 60 percent OR two conditions that can be combined to reach 70 percent, where one condition is at minimum 40 percent
  • 38 CFR § 4.16b (“Extraschedular”) – This form of TDIU is for veterans who may not be able to meet the criteria for schedular TDIU but are still unable to obtain substantially gainful employment due to their condition(s).  In this instance, the veteran must prove that their condition uniquely hinders their ability to obtain substantially gainful employment and therefore should not be rated on the standard disability rating criteria.

Veterans with multiple conditions may have a combined rating which would make them eligible for TDIU.  As a result, veterans who receive a rating for their asthma may be able to receive compensation at the 100 percent rating level through TIDU.

Burn Pit Exposure and Asthma

What are Burn Pits?

Open-air burn pits are large areas of land that were used as a means of waste disposal on American bases in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Djibouti after September 11, 2001.  The practice was effective in reducing large quantities of waste, but the pits emitted plumes of toxic smoke.  The following materials have been linked to military burn pits:

  • Human waste
  • Medical waste
  • Ammunition
  • Paint
  • Plastic
  • Rubber
  • Styrofoam
  • Other toxic chemicals
  • Spoiled food
  • Lubricants
  • Petroleum

As these materials were burned, harmful chemicals and toxic fumes were released into the atmosphere.  As such, many veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) have developed health conditions from hazardous exposures caused by the burn pits.

What Conditions Have Been Linked to Burn Pit Exposure?

Burning hazardous materials and chemicals in open-air pits emits toxic substances and carcinogens that can cause a host of diseases, some severe and even deadly.

Respiratory conditions, such as asthma, have been linked to burn pit exposure.  Many veterans who served in areas affected by burn pits have gone on to develop asthma after their service.

In addition to asthma, the following symptoms or conditions have been linked to military burn pit exposure:

  • Acute and subacute peripheral neuropathy
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • AL Amyloidosis
  • Allergic Rhinitis
  • Asthma
  • Autoimmune Disorders
  • Gallbladder condition
  • B-Cell Lymphoma
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Bone Cancer
  • Brain Cancer
  • Bronchial Problems
  • Bronchitis
  • Chronic B-Cell Leukemias
  • Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (CIDP)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Lymphoma
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD)
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Constrictive Bronchiolitis
  • COPD (need to know if the Veteran did/does smokes, and for how long)
  • Diabetes Mellitus II
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • Glioblastoma Multiform, and other brain cancers
  • Hashmimoto Syndrome (Thyroiditis)
  • Headaches and Migraines
  • Hodgkin’s Disease
  • Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Hypertension
  • Intestinal Cancers
  • Ischemic Heart Disease (AKA Coronary Artery Disease)
  • Kidney Cancer
  • Leukemia
  • Lung Cancer, and other respiratory cancers such as cancer of the pharynx, larynx, etc.
  • Lung Condition
  • Lupus
  • Lymphoma
  • Lymphomas
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Myelodysplasia
  • Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
  • Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma
  • Parkinson’s Disease, Parkinson’s-like Syndromes, including Parkinsonism
  • Peripheral Vascular Disease
  • Poryphyria Cutanea Tarda
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Psoriasis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Pulmonary Condition
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Reactive Airway Syndrome
  • Renal Cancer
  • Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Respiratory Condition
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Scheuermann Syndrome
  • Sinusitis
  • Sjorgen Syndrome (chronic autoimmune disease affecting salivary glands and tear glands)
  • Sleep Disturbances
  • Small Cell Carcinoma
  • Soft Tissue Carcinoma
  • Soft Tissue Sarcomas
  • Spinal Nerve Issues
  • Stroke
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • Tonsil Cancer
  • Trachea Cancer

This list, however, is not exhaustive, and there are many other conditions from which veterans may suffer as a result of military burn pit exposure.  If you developed asthma or any of the above listed conditions as a result of burn pit exposure during your military service, you may be eligible for VA disability benefits.

New Particulate Matter Presumption

Importantly, VA recently announced that as of August 2, 2021, it will begin processing disability claims for asthma, rhinitis, and sinusitis on a presumptive basis based on presumed particulate matter exposures.  Veterans will only be eligible for this presumption if they meet certain criteria, including service in Southwest Asia and other specified areas and manifestation of asthma, rhinitis, or sinusitis within 10 years of a qualifying period of military service.  Many veterans exposed to burn pits during their service and developed one of these three conditions may be able to seek service connection under this new presumption.

This change in VA’s adjudication policy impacts veterans who served in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Syria, or Djibouti between September 19, 2001 and the present day.  It also encompasses veterans who served between August 2, 1990 and the present in the Southwest Asia theater of operations.  The Southwest Asia theater of operations refers to the following areas:

  • Iraq
  • Kuwait
  • Saudi Arabia
  • The neutral zone between Iraq and Saudi Arabia
  • Bahrain
  • Qatar
  • The United Arab Emirates
  • Oman
  • Gulf of Aden
  • Gulf of Oman
  • Persian Gulf
  • Arabian Sea
  • Red Sea
  • The airspace above all these locations

New Proposed Burn Pit Legislation 2021

As of 2021, there are several major bills currently pending in Congress that deal with the toxic exposure caused by burn pits.  These bills include:

  • Conceding Our Veterans’ Exposure Now and Necessitating Training Act (COVENANT)
  • Presumptive Benefits for War Fighters Exposed to Burn Pits and Other Toxins Act of 2021
  • Veterans Burn Pit Exposure Recognition Act
  • Toxic Exposure in the American Military Act (TEAM)

Any of these bills, if passed, would offer much needed relief to veterans suffering the toxic effects of burn pit exposure.  Specifically, the COVENANT Act would create several presumptive conditions, including asthma, that developed after service due to toxic exposure.

Was your VA Disability Claim for Asthma Denied?

If your VA disability claim for asthma has been denied, do not give up the fight.  Many veterans are denied at least once  before being awarded the benefits to which they are entitled.  CCK’s accredited VA disability attorneys may be able to help with your asthma disability claim.  Contact our office for a free consultation today at (800) 544-9144.

About the Author

Bio photo of April Donahower

April joined Chisholm Chisholm & Kilpatrick in August of 2016 as an Associate Attorney. She currently serves as the Appellate Supervisor in our Veterans Law practice. April’s practice focuses on representing disabled veterans before the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims.

See more about April