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P&T Definition

Permanent and total disability, or P&T, refers to veterans whose disabilities are total (i.e. rated 100% disabling by VA) and permanent (i.e. meaning they have a minimal chance or no chance of their condition ever improving).

When the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) determines a veteran’s disability is permanent and total, they are eligible for VA disability benefits at the maximum monthly compensation level. Importantly, P&T ratings are protected from being reduced and veterans are guaranteed to continue receiving such benefits for the rest of their lives. VA does not require those assigned a permanent and total disability rating to undergo any further medical examinations.

How to Receive a P&T Designation

VA requires more than just a severe, long-term illness for veterans to receive P&T disability. Many veterans who receive P&T disability have conditions so severe that they are unable to work or perform most activities of daily living, such as eating, bathing, and dressing, without assistance.

Though “permanent and total” is often used as a single phrase, veterans can have a total disability that’s temporary or a permanent disability rated less than 100 percent. However, to receive P&T disability rating, you must be both permanently and totally disabled.

You do not have to fill out any special paperwork to apply for P&T disability, but it helps to have substantial evidence painting a clear picture of the impact your condition has on your daily life. If you are denied, a veteran’s lawyer from Chisholm Chisholm & Kilpatrick LTD may be able to help you gather the evidence you need to appeal.