HomeGlossaryTotal Disability based on Individual Unemployability (TDIU) Definition
Glossary

Total Disability based on Individual Unemployability (TDIU) Definition

Total disability based on individual unemployability (TDIU) is a disability benefit that allows for veterans to be compensated at VA’s 100 percent disability rate, even if their combined schedular disability rating does not equal 100 percent.  TDIU is awarded in circumstances in which veterans are unable to secure or follow substantially gainful employment due to their service-connected condition(s).  VA outlines TDIU regulations under 38 CFR § 4.16, which encompasses subsections (a) and (b).  Each subsection describes a way by which veterans may meet the requirements for TDIU.  In order to qualify for TDIU under 38 CFR § 4.16(a), a veteran must have:

  • One service-connected condition rated at 60 percent or more; or
  • Two or more service-connected conditions, one of which is rated at least 40 percent disabling, with a combined disability rating of at least 70 percent.

Veterans who do not meet the schedular requirements under 38 CFR § 4.16(a) may still be considered for TDIU under § 4.16(b).  Under this subsection, VA must refer your entitlement to the Director of Compensation Service for extraschedular consideration.